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Diagnoses Lexicon

Learn about the 65 conditions we diagnose, how they impact fertility, and the treatment possibilities.

A

Adrenal insufficiency

Adrenal insufficiency happens when the adrenal glands don’t produce enough steroid hormones.

Anorexia

Anorexia is a type of eating disorder where you severely limit what you eat due to an intense fear of gaining weight...

B

Bulimia

Bulimia (or bulimia nervosa) is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating and purging the excess food by vomiting to try to...

C

Cycle abnormalities

A typical menstrual cycle lasts between 21 and 35 days, with bleeding for around 4 to 7 days. An abnormal cycle means...

D

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus, later just referred to as “diabetes”, is a condition where the body can’t convert sugars and carbohydrates from food into...

Diminished ovarian reserve

Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) means that the majority of the eggs in your ovaries have been used up. Unlike men who continuously...

Dysmenorrhea (period pain)

Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for period pain. You may get cramps or other discomfort before or during your period.

E

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition where tissue like your uterine lining grows outside the womb: on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, pelvic tissues, or...

F

Folate deficiency

Folate deficiency means that your body doesn’t have enough folic acid to function as it should. Folic acid is the synthetic form...

G

Graves’ disease

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in the thyroid gland.

H

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the thyroid gland. Other names...

Hyperandrogenemia

Hyperandrogenemia is a health condition that means that the body (ovaries or adrenal glands) is producing too many androgen hormones.

Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism (suspected POI)

Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism (suspected POI) means that the ovaries produce too few reproductive hormones.

Hyperprolactinemia

Hyperprolactinemia means that you have high levels of the hormone prolactin. Prolactin is a reproductive hormone produced by the pituitary gland which...

Hyperprolactinemia (High prolactin levels)

Hyperprolactinemia means that you have high levels of the hormone prolactin. Prolactin is a reproductive hormone produced by the pituitary gland which...

Hyperprolactinemia with suspected prolactinoma

Hyperprolactinemia means that you have elevated prolactin levels, and it’s a relatively common condition in women. A prolactinoma is a noncancerous tumor...

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) means that the thyroid gland produces and releases more thyroid hormones (T3 and T4) than your body needs. Your...

Hypervitaminosis D

Hypervitaminosis D, also known as vitamin D toxicity or vitamin d overdose, is what happens when you have too much vitamin D...

Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism means that the ovaries don’t produce enough reproductive hormones due to a problem with the pituitary gland or hypothalamus.

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) means that the thyroid gland doesn’t create and release the amount of thyroid hormones that your body needs. Your...

I

Impending Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)

Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) means that the ovaries stop working normally before the average age of 40 because the egg reserve is...

Iron deficiency

Iron deficiency means that you don’t have enough iron in your body. Iron is a mineral present in food that is essential...

Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is a health condition where the body doesn’t have enough healthy red blood cells due to a lack of...

L

Leukocytosis

Leukocytosis means your white blood cell (or leukocyte) count is above the normal range. These cells are the fighters in your immune...

Leukopenia

Leukopenia means that you have a low white blood cell count. White blood cells, or leukocytes, are vital to your immune system....

M

Macrocytic hyperchromic anemia

Macrocytic hyperchromic anemia means that your bone marrow produces unusually large and dark red blood cells. These cells don’t have the nutrients...

Microcytic hypochromic anemia

Microcytic hypochromic anemia means that your body has too few red blood cells and these cells are smaller and paler than usual....

N

Normocytic normochromic anemia

Normocytic normochromic anemia means that you have a low red blood cell count, but your red blood cells have a normal shape,...

Normogonadotropic hyperprolactinemic ovarian insufficiency

Ovarian insufficiency means that the ovaries aren’t working as they should, leading to problems with egg maturation. With normogonadotropic hyperprolactinemic ovarian insufficiency,...

O

Overweight

Being overweight means that you have a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 25. To calculate your BMI, you divide your weight in...

R

Recurrent miscarriage

If you’ve had 3 or more miscarriages in a row (pregnancy loss before the 20th week), it’s called recurrent miscarriage or repeated...

Rubella and pregnancy

Rubella, also known as German measles, is a preventable illness caused by a viral infection. It’s usually a mild disease that may...

S

Severe hyperandrogenemia

Hyperandrogenemia is a common hormonal disorder where the body has an excess of androgen hormones. These are a group of sex hormones...

Subclinical hypothyroidism

Subclinical hypothyroidism means that you have higher-than-normal levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and normal levels of thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4). The thyroid...

T

Thrombocytopenia

Thrombocytopenia means that you have a low platelet count. Platelets, or thrombocytes, are blood cells produced by the bone marrow that help...

U

Underweight

Being underweight means that you have a Body Mass Index (BMI) under 18.5. BMI is your weight in kilograms divided by your...

V

Vitamin B12 Deficiency

What is Vitamin B12 Deficiency? Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient that our bodies need to work properly. It helps with nerve...

Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia

Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia is a condition where your body doesn’t have enough healthy red blood cells. It happens when you consume...

Vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency means that you’re not getting enough of this essential vitamin to stay healthy. Vitamin D supports the health of...

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